Monday, May 25, 2020

Lord Howe Island Stick Insect Facts

Lord Howe Island stick insects are part of class Insecta and were once thought to be extinct until they were rediscovered in volcanic outcrops off the coast of Lord Howe Island. Their scientific name derives from a Greek word meaning â€Å"phantom.† Lord Howe Island stick insects are often referred to as lobsters due to their humongous size. Fast Facts Scientific Name: Dryococelus australisCommon Names: Tree Lobster, Ball’s Pyramid InsectsOrder: PhasmidaBasic Animal Group: InsectDistinguishing Characteristics: Large black bodies and claws resembling lobster clawsSize: Up to 5 inchesLife Span: 12 to 18 monthsDiet: Melaleuca (Lord Howe Island plant)Habitat: Coastal vegetation, sub-tropical forestsPopulation: 9 to 35 mature individualsConservation Status: Critically EndangeredFun Fact: Lord Howe Island stick insects were rediscovered by a ranger who had heard rumors of large black bugs near Ball’s Pyramid in February of 2001. Description The Lord Howe Island stick insects are glossy black in color as adults and green or golden brown as juveniles. These flightless insects are active at night. Though neither sex can fly, they can run along the ground quickly.  Males grow up to 4 inches, while females can grow up to almost 5 inches. Males have thicker antenna and thighs, but females have strong hooks on their legs and thicker bodies than males. Their large size for a bug has earned them the nickname â€Å"land lobsters.† Lord Howe Island stick insect (Dryococelus australis) at Melbourne Museum. Peter Halasz, WolfmanSF / Wikimedia Commons / CC Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic Habitat and Distribution Lord Howe Island stick insects used to be found in the forests throughout Lord Howe Island, an island located a few miles off the coast of Australia. They were rediscovered on Ball’s pyramid, a volcanic outcrop off the shore of Lord Howe Island, where a tiny population of Lord Howe Island stick insects can be found. In the wild, they can live off Melaleuca (Lord Howe Island plant) among barren rock along a large slope. Diet and Behavior These insects are nocturnal bugs that feed on the leaves of Melaleuca at night and retreat to cavities formed by plant debris or the base of shrubs during the day. They huddle together during the day to protect themselves from predators. There can be as many as dozens of Lord Howe Island stick insects in one hiding spot. Juveniles, called nymphs, are active during the day and hide at night but slowly become nocturnal as they grow. Scientists are unsure if these insects ate anything else before they almost went extinct. Reproduction and Offspring A male will mate with a female one to three times through the night. Once the eggs are fertilized, the female leaves the tree or plant and pushes her abdomen into the soil to lay her eggs. She lays in batches of nine. The eggs are beige with raised patterns and are about 0.2 inches in size. Females can lay up to 300 eggs in their lifetime. Lord Howe Island stick insects are also capable of asexual reproduction, where unfertilized eggs hatch into females. BRISTOL, ENGLAND - SEPTEMBER 02: Mark Bushell, Curator of Invertebrates at Bristol Zoo, holds up an egg laid from a pair of critically endangered Lord Howe Island stick insects, one of the worlds rarest insects, which were bred in captivity at Bristol Zoo Gardens on September 2, 2016 in Bristol, England.   Matt Cardy / Getty Images The eggs incubate underground for 6.5 months before hatching. The nymphs transition from bright green to golden brown to black as they shed successive outer exoskeletons. At the same time, they become increasingly more active at night instead of the day. To protect themselves, nymphs camouflage themselves by mimicking small leaves swaying in the wind. Nymphs reach adulthood at about 7 months. Threats These land lobsters were brought to the brink of extinction due to humans and invasive species. They first saw rapid decline as fisherman used them as bait, but their biggest threat was the rat population that was introduced to the island in 1918 after a supply ship called the Mokambo ran aground. These rats voraciously ate the Lord Howe Island stick insects until they had virtually disappeared by the 1930s. Scientists speculate that they were able to survive by being carried by seabirds or vegetation to Ball’s Pyramid, where the harsh environment and secluded area allowed them to survive. They are now being kept at the Melbourne Zoo. Scientists hope to reintroduce the Lord Howe Island stick insect to the mainland once the invasive rat species extermination is completed so that the insect can thrive in the wild once again. A pair of critically endangered Lord Howe Island stick insects which were bred in captivity at Bristol Zoo Gardens on September 2, 2016 in Bristol, England.   Matt Cardy / Getty Images Conservation Status Lord Howe Island stick insects are designated as Critically Endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). They estimate the number of mature individuals in the wild to be between 9 and 35. Seven hundred individuals and thousands of eggs exist at the Melbourne Zoo, and Ball’s Pyramid has been preserved as part of the Lord Howe Permanent Park Preserve for scientific research only. Sources Lord Howe Island Stick-Insect. IUCN Red List Of Threatened Species, 2017, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/6852/21426226#conservation-actions.Lord Howe Island Stick Insect. San Diego Zoo, https://animals.sandiegozoo.org/animals/lord-howe-island-stick-insect.Lord Howe Island Stick Insect. Zoo Aquarium Association, https://www.zooaquarium.org.au/index.php/lord-howe-island-stick-insects/.Lord Howe Island Stick Insect. Zoos Victoria, https://www.zoo.org.au/fighting-extinction/local-threatened-species/lord-howe-island-stick-insect/.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Growing Problem of White Collar Crimes in India

The Growing Problem of White Collar Crimes in India â€Å"The practitioners of evil, the hoarders, the profiteers, the black marketers and speculators are the worst enemies of our society. They have to be dealt with sternly, however well placed important and influential they may be; if we acquiesce in wrongdoing, people will lose faith in us†- Dr Radhakrishnan Methodology The research methodology used for the present research article is traditional Doctrinal research method. As most of the information can be sought form the available literature. So the researcher has chosen doctrinal method as method of research for the present article and has used books, journals, research articles for†¦show more content†¦The term ‘crime is also contentious as many of the harmful activities of businesses or occupational groups are not subject to criminal law and punishment but to administrative or regulatory law and ‘penalties or ‘sanctions. Therefore, a region specific definition of White Collar Crime can be:-- â€Å"White Collar Crime is an illegal act or series of illegal act for achieving an illegal objective committed by any person by non-physically or non-violent means and by guile, to gain money or property wrongfully or to avoid payment of legal dues or retain money or property wrongfully as to obtain wrongful business of personal advantage.† White Collar Crimes Broad Categories This list is indicative of the broad categories of White Collar Crime prevalent in India and all over the world but cannot be considered comprehensive. Bank Fraud--To engage in an act or pattern of activity where the purpose is to defraud a bank of funds, Blackmail--A demand for money or other consideration under threat to do bodily harm, to injure property, to accuse of a crime, or to expose secrets, Bribery--When money, goods, services, information or anything else of value is offered with intent to influence the actions, opinions, or decisions of the taker, Cellular Phone Fraud--The unauthorized use, tampering, or manipulation of a cellular phone or service, Computer fraud--WhereShow MoreRelatedThe White Collar Crime And Economic Crimes2126 Words   |  9 PagesIn India, the Law Commission in its 29th Report pointed out more or less the same factors as responsible for the rise of economic crimes, particularly, the white collar crimes. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Mark Twain free essay sample

Mark Twain’s use of irony to express a better sense humor is displayed in many of his short stories. Such as â€Å"Luck†, in this story a clergyman explains how the â€Å"hero† was able to make mistakes and receive commendations and medals because acts of stupidity turned into acts of military intelligence. â€Å"He was appointed an officer, a captain of all things† (Twain, â€Å"Luck†), the clergyman said for the reason that the stupid â€Å"hero† that had barely made it through basic training was appointed a captain. He continued to climb up, over the dead bodies of his superiors† (Twain, â€Å"Luck†), the hero continued to make mistakes and was promoted only due to the death of his superiors and his â€Å"so called† acts of military intelligence. Twains use of irony and humor in these quotes helps display the hero’s mistakes and so called acts of intelligence in a humorous and ironic way. In many of his other short stories Twain uses humor and irony: â€Å"Concerning the difference between man and the jackass: some observers hold that there isn’t any. But this wrongs the jackass† (â€Å"Mark Twain†). A quote from Mark Twain himself showing the humor of himself outside of stories. Twains quote seems to relate closely to the story â€Å"The Kicking Mule† â€Å"the mule raised his heels with such velocity and forces that Boggs rose in the air like a bird and alighted on all fours in a muddy ditch† (Twain, â€Å"The Kicking Mule†) This quote and Twains quote relate closely in that in the story a man is stupid enough to bet that the mule would kick him and not kick a fly off the man. The difference between man and jackass isnt any, this maybe an insult to the jackass. McKettrick 3 â€Å"The Invalids Story† by Mark Twain, is one of Twains best displays of the combination of irony and humor. In this story, a man leaves home to retrieve one of his old friend’s dead body so his friends family can bury him. While transporting his friends body a mishap occurred, his pine box was mistakenly labeled to a gun company, while the box he thought was his friends’ body was actually the box of guns that had been labeled his friends body. I was carrying off a box of guns which a young fellow had come to the station to ship to a rifle company in Peoria, Illinois, and he had gotten my corpse† (Twain, â€Å"The Invalids Story†)! The man’s friend had been ironically shipped off to a gun company, while the man was carrying a box of guns. â€Å"I began to detect a most evil and searching odor stealing about on the frozen air† (Twain, â⠂¬Å"The Invalids Story†). The man started to smell an odor coming from the box, he thought it was his friends body starting to decompose, but it was really from some old smelly cheese that one of the other passengers had put on the box. In a court case there is usually a jury and judge both of which are supposed to be unbiased. In the case of â€Å"The Judges Spirited Woman† by Mark Twain the judge was in a relaxed and spectator mood because the evidence against the defendant was clearly not enough to find him guilty for murdering the womans husband. â€Å"I had my coat off and my heels up, lolling and sweating, and smoking one of those cabbage cigars† (Twain, â€Å"The Judges Spirited Woman†). The judges relaxed mood caused humor in the story because, when do you ever see a judge act in that manner. â€Å"I wouldnt have missed it for anything† (Twain, â€Å"The Judges Spirited Woman†) is what the judge said when the defendant was found not-guilty and the â€Å"spirited woman† shot and killed the Defendant. The judge continued to act in humorously relaxed state of mind. McKettrick 4 â€Å"Hunting the Deceitful Turkey† by Mark Twain is short story that combines animals with irony, and a whole lot of humor. She always stopped and posed† (Twain, â€Å"Hunting the Deceitful Turkey†): speaking about how the boy hunted the turkey all day and how the turkey knew that the boy was an awful shot and the turkey would play with the boy by posing because of it. Twain used the turkey to create irony by giving the turkey human like smarts and actions, and give the boy turkey like hunting skills. â€Å"I followed an obscenely lame turkey over a considerable part of the United States† (Twain, â€Å"Hunting the Deceitful Turkey†) the boy said after getting lost and wore out by the turkey. Twain used the irony of the hunted turkey to getting away from the hunter boy. Twain also combines humor and irony with animals in â€Å"A Fable† by Mark Twain with the use of a cat to explain a mirror and the other animals being too stupid to realize what they’re looking at. There was nothing in that hole but a donkey† (Twain, â€Å"A Fable†) the donkey had seen himself in the mirror and had not realized that the thing in whole was a mirror showing his reflection in it. â€Å"Anybody but a near-sighted fool could ee that there was nothing in the hole but a elephant† (Twain, â€Å"Hunting the Deceitful Turkey†): the same thing that happened to the donkey happened to the elephant. McKettrick 5 â€Å"Clemens(Mark Twain) studied the Mississippi River and the operation of a riverboat†(Mark Twain, â€Å"biography†). Twain in his early life was fascinated by the Mississippi River, thus causing him to want to be an apprentice of a riverboat captain and learn more about the river and being a riverboat captain. â€Å"The Great Steamboat Race† by Mark Twain shows Twains opinion of steamboats, and the life style of them. Amaranth’s just turned the point behind us, and she’s just a humping herself, too† (Mark Twain â€Å" The Great Steamboat Race†). This quote shows the humor behind Twains writings. He is known for the use of southern language and dialect in his writings, I believe that Twain uses these southern characteristics to add a certain level of wit to his short stories. Also the use of irony in this short story turns the story into something quite fun to read. The civil war was thought to have in affect on Twain and this is seen in his short story â€Å"Luck†. They turned tail, away they went over the hill and down into the field in wild disorder† (Mark Twain, â€Å"Luck†). The Russian troops fled from the oncoming attack of british, this was due only to the british â€Å"hero† mistakenly confusing his lefthand for his right hand and leading the charge the wrong way. â€Å"The allied commander looked on, his head spinning with wonder† (Mark Twain, â€Å"Luck†), explains that even the allied commander knew that the â€Å"heros† mistake had led to the victory and he was as shocked as anyone â€Å" his head spinning with wonder† (Mark Twain, â€Å"Luck†) shows this. McKettrick 6

Sunday, April 12, 2020

Heavy Metal And Gender Essays - Heavy Metal Subgenres,

Heavy Metal And Gender Name: Milad Surname: Rafiei Year/Major: 3rd Year. Film, TV, and Media Studies. Question: Choose one popular music genre and analyze with respect to race, gender OR class. Analysis Of Heavy Metal With Respect To Gender. Heavy Metal music usually include impressive technical feats on the electric guitar, counter posed with an experience of power and control that is built up through vocal, guitar power chords, distortion, and sheer volume of drums. Also Visually, metal musicians typically appear as males, leaping about the stage, leather clothing punctuating their performances with phallic thrusts of guitars and microphone stands. Heavy metal is, a discourse shaped by patriarchy. Circulating in context of Western society, for much of its history metal has been appreciated and supported primarily by a male teenage audience. This is a group lacking in social, physical, and economical power but besieged by cultural messages promoting such forms of power, insisting on them as masculinity. The purpose of a genre is to reproduce a particular ideology, and the aim of heavy metal until mid 1980s was for young white male performers and fans to hear and believe in certain stories about the nature of masculinity. However these representations can never be definitive and they are always open to transformation and changing figures. Since social circumstances may change so that particular forms of culture are no longer related to an individual. For example metal fans as they get older may gain some amount of economical power, or they may find children who replace them at the bottom of social or physical power. Also we have seen a great increase in number female fans, since around 1987, concert audiences for metal shows have been roughly gender balanced . In my discussion I will try to explain why metal has been dominated by male musicians and fans, also why there was a big increase in the number of female fans. I will be framing heavy metal songs and videos in terms of strategies concerning gender and power. Until the mid 1980s, one of these three strategies misogyny, exscription , and androgyny dominated heavy metal music . However another approach in recent years did soften metal with songs about romance, this kind of music particularly has drawn female attention to heavy metal. I will explain these in more details, this type of analysis may tell us about gender construction in heavy metal genre or culture. I have to mention that it is not only lyrics or visual imagery but also the music itself that construct gender experiences. Such signification mentioned above reflects in social contexts such as gender, class, and race. Hence musical meanings are inseparable from these fundamental social concepts. Sorry No Chicks (Exscription): The most distinctive feature of metal videos is that they typically present it as of a live performance. However bands are different in styles as Guns'n'Roses, and Metallica, they all rely on live footage. The video in a concert setting, presents the group in all their glory, as larger than life figures whose presence is validated by feelings of community and power, and evoked by venue and music. These types of footage offer a fantasy world of action, one in which male bonding among members of the hero team is very important. It is worth mentioning that even in nonperformance metal video, narrative is set on a stage concerning male world without women. A good example would be Judas Priest's ?Heading To The Highway? which shows band's guitar players drag race, flagged by the lead singer. The point is the same, to represent and reproduce spectacles that depend for their appeal on exscription of women . The seductive women who sometimes intrude into the video points out several things. First to trigger desire and its appeal to the male gaze and more importantly its threat to masculine control. Male As Victims (Misogyny): Heavy Metal has developed a discourse of male victimization and androgyny; its power to reproduce or adapt patriarchy is often contingent on the absence of overt violence . Women are hinted as mysterious and dangerous; they are dangerous just by being there, their attractiveness threatens to disrupt both male self-control and male bonding. However female fans are invited to identify themselves with the powerful position that is has been made

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Germinal essays

Germinal essays At first glance, one might say the capitalist system is righteous and it leads to more productivity, but upon discreet examination, the system has numerous flaws. As we discussed in class, one of the main flaws was the inability of the workers to advance themselves in society beyond the point of keeping food in their stomachs. One generation after another follow each other down below into the mines without cessation. First and foremost the company needs to insure that all members of the mine town have enough to eat, enough to wear, and a roof over their head. The company can possibly provide clothing and food through a ration-based system that guarantees the people will not die of starvation or frostbite. These are necessities that the company should provide even if they are in debt. The workers should also receive a salary based on performance and profits of the company. This spending money can be used for amenities or the worker can save it if he or she one day desires to move away and attempt to start a better life somewhere else. The root of the problem lies with the education the residents of the mine town receive. Children as young as seven or eight are being sent down to work in the mines when they should be starting school. If families are unable to pay for schooling a type of indentured worker system might work out where children can attend school for free if they agree to provide the company with a year(s) work when they become of age to work. That also brings up the issue of child labor. Children should not work until at least 16 and even then they should not be responsible for dangerous and important jobs such as securing the limbering. Another important issue concerns the rights of the workers. Workers unions should be set up and all should join to make sure that the company does not use and abuse the workers. Unions should unite all workers with the same profession across the ...

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Assesing organizational readiness for change Essay

Assesing organizational readiness for change - Essay Example The first step is to assign at least one designated change agent responsible for overseeing the change effort. â€Å"It is very important for the leader of change to seek the active support of the workforce population† (Edosomwan, 2009, p.13). In a meeting with senior managers and important middle managers, this change agent should be elected to take on the responsibility of communicating the importance of the relocation effort with employees and coordinate the necessary human resources activities necessary to keep motivation high and commitment top-notch. People are often resistant to change, especially in a situation where Med-Qpment would be uprooting most of its staff and forcing them, and their families, to move into a different part of the state. Issues of job security will be considered, along with their basic physiological concerns, such as the costs of selling their homes or purchasing new homes to meet the change goal. After electing the change agent, they should be exposed to the realistic budget for this change effort and produce a qualitative questionnaire for distribution to the employees that can address individual concerns about the change. This questionnaire should highlight issues such as telecommuting possibilities (to avoid relocation) as well as any counseling services that might be required on behalf of human resources. Two experts in this kind of change offers that failed relocations can cost approximately $115,000 for each employee (Lachnit & Solomon), something Med-Qpment cannot afford currently. As the practicing change agent, these questionnaires can be distributed in a group meeting format where discussion about the probable relocation can occur face-to-face. â€Å"In times of change, interpersonal interaction with peers and superiors is highly valued, making such relationships a salient feature in shaping readiness† (Bouckenooghe, Devos &